The Chip Shot
In this Lesson, we will be looking at the mechanics of the Chip Shot. So, by the end of the lesson you will have an understanding of the chip shot technique.
The chip shot would normally be played within a few yards of the green. The aim of the shot is to briefly lift the ball in the air and land it 1 or 2ft onto the putting green. The ball should land and then very quickly run out towards the hole like a putt.
The Chip Shot v Pitch Shot
A lot of new golfers get confused between the chip and pitch shot. Remember with the chip shot you are generally within a few feet of the green. You want the ball to be in the air long enough to get over any ground between the ball and the green. Then land about 2ft onto the green surface and then roll out like a putt.
With the pitch shot you are generally further away from the green. The ball will fly much higher than with the chip and travel the most of its distance in the air. It should land softly and stop quickly due to its high flight.
The Chip Shot Club Selection
As you require the ball to fly low and have a longer rollout than it travels in the air, the choice of club loft has an effect. This works in your favour as it is also a method of distance control. You only need to learn one chipping technique but can use all of the clubs between your wedge and rescue club.
With a standard chipping technique and swing length you can accurately judge how far the ball will rollout compared to its flight. The lower the loft the longer the ball will travel on the green for example:
- Sand Wedge is 1 to 1 ratio. So, if you are 2ft from the green and you chip the ball to land 2 ft onto the putting surface, the ball will be in the air for 4ft and rollout 4ft towards the hole
- PW is 1 to 2 ratio. So, for the same chip the ball will still be in the air for 4ft but will rollout 8ft
The Chip Distance Control Ratio Chart
- Sw 1 – 1
- PW 1 – 2
- 9 Iron 1 – 3
- 8 Iron 1 – 4
- 7 Iron 1 – 5
- 6 Iron 1 – 6
- 5 Iron 1 – 7
- 4 Iron 1 – 8
- 4 Rescue 1 – 8
Paul Wilson from Swing Machine Golf, produced a nice video explaining the chipping ratios, take a look.
The Chip Shot Technique
- As you want to keep the balls flight low you need to deloft the club. You can do this by moving the ball back in your stance. This promotes a ball first contact that will pop the ball up into the air over the fringe and onto the green surface.
- Your feet should be close together as there will be very little lower body movement throughout the chip shot
- The ball should be in the back of your stance inline with the ankle of the none target side foot
- Your knees should be slightly flexed
- You should have a neutral grip with the thumbs on the top of grip, with a light grip pressure
- Flex at the hip to allow the club to reach the ground just behind the ball
- Your arms should hang naturally underneath the shoulders
- The club shaft should be pressed forward slightly so that the butt of the grip is leaning towards the target side hip
- The chipping stroke is the same as that for putting with no wrist hinge, just a rocking of the shoulders
- The swing is relatively short finishing at the 7 o’clock position
- Throughout the chip shot the lower body remains stable and passive
- The club should accelerate through impact to a finish position 20% longer than the backswing
- With the chip shot you control distance by selecting the appropriate club depending on the amount of rollout you need
More Short Game Tips
The next lesson in the Around the Green Coaching Plan is The Pitch Shot. We will teach you how to pitch the ball onto the green, with a high ball flight and landing softly near the hole.
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